Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana, is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. The citizens refer to themselves as Batswana (singular: Motswana). Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. It has held uninterrupted democratic elections since independence.
Botswana is flat, and up to 70% is covered by the Kalahari Desert. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. Its border with Zambia to the north near Kazungula, Zambia, is poorly defined but at most is a few hundred metres long.
A mid-sized country of just over two million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Botswana was one of the poorest countries in Africa when it gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1966, but has since transformed itself, becoming one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, giving the country a modest standard of living.
Botswana is well known for having some of the best wilderness and wildlife areas on the African continent. With 38 percent of its total land area devoted to national parks, reserves and wildlife management areas – for the most part unfenced, allowing animals to roam wild and free – Botswana is a rarity in our overpopulated, over-developed world.
Here you will experience the incredible beauty of the world’s largest intact inland Delta – the Okavango; the unimaginable vastness of the world’s second largest game reserve – the Central Kalahari Game Reserve; the isolation of the Makgadikgadi – and the astoundingly prolific wildlife of the Chobe National Park.
The Okavango Delta in Botswana is one of the world’s largest inland deltas. While most river deltas usually lead to an ocean, the Okavango River empties onto open land, flooding the savanna and creating a unique and ever-changing inland delta. Rich in wildlife, this World Heritage Site is a sanctuary to some of the world’s most endangered animals and birds.
The Makgadikgadi Pans National Park is one of the largest salt flats in the world at 3,900 sq. km. Situated in the middle of the dry savanna of north-eastern Botswana. Lying south-west of the Okavango Delta and surrounded by the Kalahari Desert. The salt pans are visited for their solitude, remoteness and its harsh beauty. Nonetheless, depending on the season, impressive animal populations can be viewed.
Situated less than an hour from the Botswana border, Victoria Falls is a spectacular sight of awe-inspiring beauty and grandeur on the Zambezi River. It offers visitors the opportunity to immerse themselves in spectacular landscapes inhabited by abundant wildlife. Visitors can look forward to a wide range of adventure sports such as kayaking, white water rafting, ziplining, bungee jumping and bridge swinging; and those looking for more relaxation can enjoy a sunset boat cruise, game viewing, or browsing through the vibrant local Livingstone Market.
They are known for their exotic animal species and luxury safari options. The big game in this area increases dramatically during the dry season when the area hosts large herds of impala, blue wildebeest, giraffe and buffalo as well as the world’s highest density of elephant.
The Okavango Delta is a World Heritage Site as it is the largest inland delta in the world. The magnificent Okavango River sprawls out over the dry sands of the Kalahari Desert forming this flourishing waterlogged oasis featuring countless meandering waterways and crystal clear lagoons studded with water lilies, as well as fertile floodplains and reeded islands inhabited with abundant wildlife.
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